If you’ve ever been sitting in the window-seat of a plane preparing to take off, you’ve surely noticed the vehicles and machinery hard at work around you. Those vehicles and machinery are called Ground Support Equipment (GSE) and are used to service aircraft between flights. The roles this equipment fulfills include ground power operations, aircraft mobility, and cargo/passenger loading operations. There is both powered and non-powered ground support equipment. Non-powered equipment includes dollies, chocks, aircraft tripod jacks, and service stairs. Powered equipment consists of refuelers, tugs and tractors, ground power units, belt loaders, de-icing vehicles, and more.

Dollies are used to transport loose baggage, oversized bags, mail bags, loose cargo, and more between the aircraft, the terminal, or other facilities. There are also more powerful dollies for heavier loads and cargo pallets, specialized for easy loading and unloading of larger materials. Chocks are placed in front of and behind an aircraft’s wheels and are used to hold them in place while parked at a gate or hangar. Usually made from extremely hard wood or rubber, they serve a similar purpose to the cement blocks you find in most parking lots. The aircraft tripod jack is a support tool used to prevent the tail of the aircraft from drooping or falling to the ground altogether. When passengers disembark, the aircraft becomes tail heavy and compromises the structural integrity of the tail.

Aircraft refuelers are either self-contained fuel trucks or hydrant systems. Fuel trucks contain up to 10,000 gallons of fuel and feature their own pumps, filters, hoses, and other equipment. Hydrant systems hook into a central pipeline network connecting the aircraft to a fuel source. This is more advantageous than a fuel truck, as it replenishes automatically. Tugs and tractors are used to move immobile materials such as bag carts, mobile air conditioning units, air starters and lavatory carts.

A ground power unit, or GPU, is a vehicle that supplies power to a parked aircraft. There are many types of GPU, varying in size, power, and electrical current type. Another piece of GSE most people are familiar with is the belt loader. These are vehicles with conveyor belts for unloading or loading luggage and cargo. A critical piece of ground support equipment is the de-icing vehicle. During inclement weather and freezing temperatures, ice can build up and cause detrimental harm to the performance of an aircraft. De-icing vehicles use hoses to coat aircraft in protective fluids that melt the already present ice and prevent the formation of more.

All components of ground support equipment have an important role to play in ensuring a safe, efficient flight. At ASAP Purchasing, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find GSE parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asapsemi.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.



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Automatic protective devices, better known as circuit breakers, are a critical part of an aircraft’s electrical system. Circuit breakers are provided to minimize distress to the electrical system in case of wiring faults or serious malfunction of a system or connected equipment, and are paired with alerting devices that provide a visual or aural alarm to alert the pilot to the situation.

Circuit breakers are designed to open and close an electric circuit, and to open that circuit automatically at a predetermined overload current, without damaging any components. The purpose of a circuit breaker in an aircraft’s electrical system is to provide overcurrent protection for wires and cables and minimize the dangers of smoke, fire, and other threats to the safety of the passengers and flight crew. The correct circuit breaker can result in a protective devices with the lowest standard rating that will not accidentally trip. A circuit breaker must be able to interrupt the fault or overload current by disconnecting the faulted line from the power distribution point before any wire or insulation damage occurs.

Most circuit breakers can carry roughly 115% of their rated current indefinitely, with the excess to provide a tolerance for the effects of environmental conditions like wear, vibration, etc. The instantaneous trip current is typically in the realm of ten times the current rating of the circuit breaker. When selecting a circuit breaker for a particular application, variables like time-current characteristics, start-up surges, wire type, size and location, and the altitude the equipment will likely operate at.

Both magnetic and thermal circuit breakers are available, with thermal circuit breakers being the more popular variant. Thermal circuit breakers function off of the deflection of a bi-metal strip that will open the circuit at a predetermined temperature. Temperature rise in the sensing element is caused by the load current, but this can be affected by the ambient temperature.

Most circuit breakers are trip-free, meaning that they cannot be manually reset while an overcurrent circuit fault remains. Non-trip free circuit breakers are used when the application requires overriding the tripping mechanism, such as in an emergency. Trip characteristics can change after a long period of inactivity, so periodically operating the circuit breaker manually with no electrical load is recommended to prevent this from occurring.

At ASAP Purchasing, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find all the circuit breaker and alerting devices systems and parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries. We’re always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7-365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asapsemi.com or call us at 1-714-705-4780.


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With the rapid modernization of aircraft, more electronic components such as navigation systems, intercoms, and even flight amenities such as entertainment systems all need power. With the increased demands of power from the beginning of each flight, many current aircraft have turned to alternators over generators as their source of power generation. In this blog, we will explore how alternators produce power, as well as how they can prove beneficial to some aircraft as compared to standard generators.

Alternators produce their power through the use of a rotating magnetic field in a stationary coil. Within these systems, the magnetic field is spun in windings called a stator. Alternators convert alternating currents (AC) to direct currents (DC) through the use of diodes that force currents to flow only in one direction. This creates smooth and stable output for a cheap cost as diodes can be produced for as low as one dollar per trio when manufactured in large quantities. Alternators work in the opposite of a generator that has a stationary magnet and an electromagnet that rotates within the magnetic field, but they are more efficient in producing the same output as generators.

Compared to generators, alternators can be very cost effective and useful. They can be brought up to speed much quicker than generators and are much lighter without having an internal magnet. Alternators also operate at peak performance at much lower RPMs and produce much more power while at idle speeds. While an alternator needs to be initially powered by a battery, the alternator can then supply electrical equipment power and recharge the battery during use. Alternators also have low maintenance requirements and downtime due to having fewer “hard to diagnose” problems as compared to a generator, and can be replaced in as little as 30 minutes when needed. While generators are still a very reliable and effective way to power aircraft, alternators are quickly proving to be an extremely useful alternative of power generation for larger aircraft and for flights that have many aircraft electrical systems that need power from the very start of the flight.

At ASAP-Purchasing, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, we can help you find aircraft alternator parts you need, new or obsolete. As a premier supplier of parts for the aerospace, civil aviation, and defense industries, we're always available and ready to help you find all the parts and equipment you need, 24/7x365. For a quick and competitive quote, email us at sales@asapsemi.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780.


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The aerospace and defense industry has an overwhelming amount of information including classification systems such as part numbers, NIINs, CAGE codes, USP numbers, and federal supply classifications. If you are doing business within the aerospace and defense industry it is important to familiarize yourself with all of the industry terminology as, without proper understanding, you may find yourself struggling to keep up with demand, or would be at a loss as to how to source a part.

Perhaps the most important classification system within the aerospace and defense industry is the National Stock Number system. The NSN system can be dated back to the WWII era wherein the military would use a specific component that had several different names depending on who supplied or manufactured the component. This made it difficult for the military to locate suppliers, or share items between the different organizational branches. An item could be in short supply in one location, but in surplus in another. To overcome this sourcing issue, the Department of Defense created the NSN system.  National Stock Numbers or NSNs, are 13-digit serial numbers assigned to all standardized items within the federal supply chain. All components that are used by the U.S Department of Defense are required to have an NSN, the purpose of which is to provide a standardized naming of components.

Also known as NATO stock numbers, NSNs are recognized by all NATO countries. The NSN can be further broken down into smaller subcategories, each providing classification information about the component. The first four digits of the NSN are known as the Federal Supply Classification Group. The FSCG determines which of the 645 subclasses an item belongs to. The FSCG is further split into the Federal Supply Group (FSG) and the Federal Supply Classification (FSC). The FSG is made up of the first two digits of the NSN that determines which of the 78 groups an item belongs to. The second 2 digits make up the FSC, which determines the subclass an item belongs to. The remaining 9 digits are made up of the 2-digit country identifier followed by the 7 National Item Identification Number (NIIN). The US for example,  has the country identifier, 00.

A manufacturer can not request a NSN as the item must first be formally recognized by a NATO country, military branch, or military contractors. Once the item has an official need within the federal supply chain, the DLA will assign a NSN. There are 10s of millions of NSNs that are applicable within the aerospace and defense industries. The Department of Defense produces the H2 cataloguing handbook that list every federal supply group and federal supply class. It is a handy reference guide to see what components fall under each FSG and FSC.

ASAP Purchasing, owned and operated ASAP Semiconductor, is a premier supplier of NSNs for the aerospace and defense industries. Our large inventory is conveniently listed on our website under various categories such as Federal Supply Groups, Federal Supply Codes, NIINs, and manufacturers. Our team of industry experts can help you find the exact NSN that you need. Visit our website, sales@asapsemi.com or call us at +1-714-705-4780  to source NSNs today.



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Measuring fuel levels in an aircraft is an incredibly important task. Running out of fuel for an automobile typically means a ruined afternoon; an aircraft running out of fuel while operating, meanwhile, is potentially disastrous. Therefore, accurate and reliable fuel gauges are essential, with the most commonly chosen type in small aircraft being resistive-type fuel systems. In a resistive-type fuel system, a float level gauge feeds information on the fuel level to magnetic couplings and potentiometers that then relay information to the pilot. As fuel is expended in flight and the levels in the tank drop, the float inside the tank drops as well and slides a moving contact a long a resistor, increasing its resistance. The amount of resistance translates to how much fuel is left in the tank.

There are several advantages to resistive fuel measurement system, with the first being cost. Components in a resistive fuel gauge are simple and therefore inexpensive to manufacture and replace. They are also very reliable, with few moving parts to suffer stress and fail. The third and final advantage is that, while not completely optimal, they do provide a reasonable amount of accuracy. When used on a small aircraft, carrying relatively small quantities of fuel with a limited flight range, the accuracy provided by a resistive fuel gauge is adequate.

The greatest disadvantage of a resistive fuel gauge system is due to the laws of physics. Simply put, the sensor float moves when the aircraft moves, and is affected by gravity and centrifugal forces. When the aircraft banks for a turn, the fuel slopes to one side, and when the aircraft climbs, the fuel flows to the back of the tank. The float within the tank is in a fixed position, and can only respond to the up and down motion of the fuel. Therefore, if all the fuel moves forward and away from the float, then the float will fall down and indicate a lower amount of fuel than what is actually available, and vice versa if the fuel gathers disproportionately where the float is located. Only when the aircraft is flying straight and level can the system provide an accurate report of fuel quantity. These inaccuracies are intolerable in long-range aircraft with thousands of pounds of fuel like commercial airliners, which use more advanced systems to measure their fuel quantity.



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Aircraft rely on fuel for propulsion, but electricity is just as vital for flight as well. Everything from instruments to lights to setback TVs in commercial passenger jets rely on electricity, which is generated as some of the energy produced by fuel being burned goes into a generator or alternator that produces electricity.

Pilots also need a way to monitor these systems and determine if there are issues that need resolving. A pilot can fly on stored battery power, but losing the generator or alternator is a serious concern. Therefore, electrical systems are measured by a special tool called an ammeter, a device that measures electric current flow moving through a wire or circuit. Early ammeters were lab instruments that relied on the Earth’s magnetic field for operation, but by the 19th century had improved to the point that they could be mounted in any position and allowed for accurate measurements in electric power systems.

The main purpose of the ammeter is to monitor an electrical system’s performance. Ammeters show if the alternator or generator is producing enough electricity, and if the battery is receiving that electricity. An ammeter consists of a pointing needle on a horizontal scale with a value of zero at the center, positive numbers to the right, and negative numbers to the left. A negative number means that more electricity is being used than is being generated, and a positive number means more electricity is being given to the battery than is being used. Most of the time, the needle should be in the middle or slightly to the right. If the ammeter goes to the far right, that means that the regulator is malfunctioning, and if it goes to the far left it means that the generator or alternator is malfunctioning. Some aircraft use warning lights instead of ammeters, but the purpose is effectively the same.

The generator or alternator malfunctioning is the most important piece of information the pilot needs if an electrical problem arises, and helps the pilot determine if it can be resolved in the air, or if the car needs to be landed immediately.



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One of the greatest challenges Americans traveling through Europe face is the fact that many of the plugs for their electrical devices cannot be inserted into the various socket types found throughout Europe. In this blogpost, we’ll break down eight different power adapters that will allow you to recharge and use your electronic devices while traveling overseas.

A key difference between American outlets and European outlets is that American outlets typically output in 110/120V, while European outlets output in 220/240V. The Foval Power Step Down 220V to 110V Voltage Converter safely lowers the voltage of European outlets, allowing you to use single voltage American appliances, and comes with a European power cable and three removable adapters.

The High-Quality AC Power Travel Adapter produced by Travel Ready is suitable for most European countries excluding Italy, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. This adapter is lightweight, durable, and easy to spot thanks to its bright purple shell, meaning you’re less likely to accidentally leave it behind.

If you plan to travel frequently, the Iron-M All-in-One Universal Adapter features interchangeable input and outlet sockets that enable its usage in over 150 countries across the world. In addition to one AC power socket, it also features two USB ports, and is certified by the FCC, CE, and RoHS.

The PowerBear Charging Station is perfect for those with lots of gadgets, capable of accommodating two AC devices and up to four USB charging cables at the same time. The design features a grounded US plug but can easily convert to fit European sockets with the included adapter. The charging station accepts voltages between 100V and 250V, but it cannot convert these voltages.

Cost effective and compatible with E/F compatible plugs and the recessed circular plug sockets often found in Europe, the OREI European Schuko Type Plug Adapter has a maximum capacity of 250V/13A and can accommodate devices that need up to 3,000 watts of power. This makes it ideal for devices with high power requirements, like hairdryers. However, it is only suitable for dual-voltage appliances.

Traveling to the British Isles means encountering Type G plugs, which the Ceptics USA to UK Travel Adapter Plug is perfect for. Since Type G plugs are also found in former British colonies and overseas territories, it can also be used in those regions as well.

The ROEI 2-in-1 USA to Switzerland Adapter Plug features a type J plug compatible with sockets in Switzerland, Liechtenstein, and countries outside of Europe such as Madagascar, Rwanda, and the Maldives. However, it is only compatible with dual voltage appliances up to 3,000 watts.

Last of the country-specific adapters, the US to Italy Travel Adapter Plug manufactured by Plug In Solutions features a Type L plug for use in Italy, as well as a Type E/F plug for hopping across the border into France, Germany, Austria, or Slovenia. Both adapters have dual inputs, allowing them to accommodate two plugs at a time.


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We are all quite used to the standard curved shape of a commercial aircraft window, but believe it or not, they were once square. In 1952, three tragic commercial airplane crashes left engineers puzzled. The ill-fated airframes had two things in common—a fuselage that tore apart at cruising altitude, and square windows. 

Because commercial flight demand had increased at the time, airlines needed airplanes with the capacity to travel at a higher cruising altitude of 30,000 ft.—formerly, commercial aircraft were propeller driven, and traveled at 10,000 to 12,000 ft. With the invention of commercial jet aircraft, engineers designed aircraft with a cylindrical fuselage that was pressurized. These changes meant the aircraft could operate as commuter transport at higher altitudes, with less drag. Unfortunately, the square window design remained. 

In inspecting the debris, the design flaw of the windows was quickly determined. As a plane increases in altitude, external atmospheric pressure lowers. The difference between external and internal pressurization causes the fuselage to contract and expand slightly. In the case of the 1952 crashes, the stress created within a fuselage material was aggravated by the rigid edges of the square windows. Because the rigid shape interrupts the stress distribution across the surface of the fuselage, stress concentration builds at the edges of the window. As a result, the elevated stress created fractures in the material of the fuselage.

Aircraft windows are now rounded in order to ensure even distribution of stress across the airframe. Modern window engineering has multiple failsafes and the capacity to preserve pressure conditions of the cabin. Passenger windows are two panels with airspace in between. One panel operates as a fail safe to protect the interior cabin pressure even if the other panel fails. 

New window technology continues to develop, and can be seen in modern aircraft cabins like that of the Boeing Dreamliner. It’s windows have multi-ply transparency material mounted on a composite fuselage. This material is designed with crack propagation resistant properties, and is able to manage more impact than its predecessors. As a result, windows made with transparencies are able to manage greater overall loads.


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A portmanteau of “aviation” and “electronics”, “avionics” is a word used to describe aviation electronics for aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft. Avionics are incorporated on an aircraft for a multitude of purposes: communication, navigation, monitoring, flight-control systems, fuel systems, collision-avoidance systems, flight recorders, weather systems, aircraft management systems, and in-flight entertainment. As a result, electronic configurations are located all over the aircraft. Systems are integrated and required to communicate with each other for safety. But, without connectors, none of this would be possible. 
In 1929, the Aeronautics Radio Inc (ARINC) was formed to develop standards for avionics. The military also created their own initiatives, the Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) and the Open Systems Architecture (OSA). IMA allows the same part or card to be used between different computer modules and reduces weight and maintenance issues. OSA is a strategy that relies on defined and published standards-based interfaces and module designs. 

Because avionics are constantly evolving and advancing, their connectors need to evolve to meet the increasing demands. Engineers work on increasing efficiency and developing systems that can handle transmitting high-speed data and bandwidth, without increasing weight. One of the main contributors to fuel consumption is weight because it requires more power to get a heavy aircraft lifted. Someone might assume that avionic connectors are small enough that their weight doesn't have a significant impact on the aircrafts total weight— but that's incorrect.
One of the methods used to decrease weight without reducing the ability to meet high speed data requirements is choosing the right materials. Avionics have evolved away from electromechanical components to electronic and digital technologies. Part of the advancements is the use of fiber optic cables and copper. Fiber optics used to be seen as fragile and difficult to use, but today they are known to increase speed and data, reduce weight, and do not require cable shielding.


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An airplane is an intricately designed machine. Not one component is solely responsible for getting it up in the air. All of its parts work together to balance aerodynamic factors and operating requirements. The main parts of the body of an aircraft are the fuselage, the wings, the empennage, the landing gear, and the engines. A simple way to understand the body of an aircraft is to compare it to the human body. 

The fuselage is like the torso of the body— it connects all of the appendages and makes them whole. The wings and the empennage are connected to it; the fuselage houses the cockpit and cabin which include the restrooms, galleys, kitchens, and flight attendant seating. A fuselage is designed around payload requirements, aerodynamics, and structures. On a passenger aircraft, the upper part of the fuselage cross-section houses the passengers and the lower part houses cargo. The landing gear on an aircraft absorbs the stress of take-offs and landings and slow an aircraft down after ground contact. Larger aircraft have retractable landing gear, which is housed in the aircraft's fuselage during the flight to make the aircraft more aerodynamic.
 
The wings are like arms— they are connected to the middle of the aircraft. The wings are most often the part of an aircraft that provide lift. The lift coefficient varies with the angle of attack. Increasing the angle of attack will increase lift up to the maximum lift coefficient— also known as the critical angle of attack. Going above this will cause an aircraft to enter into a stall.
 
Wings have various additions, including spoilers, trailing-edge flaps, leading-edge slats, and ailerons. Spoilers are deployed during landing to slow the aircraft down; they reduce lift in a controlled way. Flaps are deployed for takeoff and landing to increase lift. Leading edge slats allow wings to operate at higher angles of attack. Ailerons usually form part of the trailing edge of a wing and are used to control the rolling motion, therefore changing the flight path. On passenger jets, the engines are usually located below the wings. Engines are housed in engine nacelles, which reduce drag and direct airflow for the purpose of cooling the engine.
 
Located on the tail of an aircraft, the empennage is like the legs— it provides balance. An empennage has a vertical and a horizontal stabilizer. The vertical stabilizer controls yaw and the horizontal stabilizer controls pitch. Yaw is the movement of an aircraft along the vertical axis; it’s often used with the ailerons to control and balance the direction of an aircraft. Pitch is the movement of an aircraft along the horizontal axis; it controls the aircraft moving up or down.
 
Each component in the body of an aircraft is important to flight. Just like the human body, every system interacts with and balances each other. Without one, the aircraft would not fly properly. 

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KPIs, or Key Performance Indicators, are units of measurement that allow businesses to track their success and evaluate how effectively they are achieving their objectives.  When choosing which KPIs to use, utilize the SMART acronym.

A. Specific – Are your objectives clear?
B. Measurable – Can you quantify your objectives?
C. Attainable – Are your objectives realistic?
D. Relevant – Are your objectives related to your overall business?
E. Time – In what amount of time do you expect to meet these objectives? 

Inventory planning is a must for any international or American airline housing spare parts for maintenance purposes.  Airlines don’t want to deal with an extended AOG situation resulting from a lack of parts, but it’s unrealistic to house a whole aircraft’s worth of spares that may, or may not, be needed. Five important KPIs regarding inventory planning capabilities that every airline should focus on include the following.
  1. Inventory Turn - Stock being issued/overall inventory value= Inventory Turn. Usually low, parts don’t typically fail that often.  It may be beneficial to sell or exchange parts, which are slow-moving, rather than have them sit in inventory.
  2. Inventory Per Tail - The amount of inventory you have, per aircraft.  Some aircraft have more expensive parts than others, so be sure to keep aircraft type in mind.
  3. Inventory Investment - Includes all operational/capital spending (repair costs, holding costs, etc.).  Budgeting for this really depends on demand– flight hours, upcoming maintenance checks, and busy seasons should all be factored into this.
  4. Inventory Service Level - Determined by the level of stock you have sitting in your warehouse.  It’s the amount of time a part is available (where it is available, and for how long).
  5. Inventory Cost Per Hour of Flight - Operating costs/flying hours= Cost Per Hour Of Flight
    Remember it is important to consistently review, revise and reevaluate your KPIs.  As your business changes, so should your objectives and goals.

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First appearing in the 1930s, reed relays were once a critical component of telecommunications systems. Despite phasing out of telecommunications, they are now more prolific than ever as they find use other applications such as automatic test equipment, electronics, etc


Reed relays are relays with contacts made of a magnetic material with electromagnetics that act directly on the switch inside of requiring an armature. This relay contains a reed switch, an optional diode, an encapsulating package with connection terminals, and a coil for creating a magnetic field. When used correctly, this type of relay is a perfect device, especially since it has inherent isolation between voltage controls and operating coils. This type of mechanism allows for a flawless signal switching.

The reed switch, a component within the relay, has two metal shaped blades created from highly magnetic material. These blades are encapsulated inside a glass tube, making them resistant to corrosion. This glass seal also protects debris from entering the switch, allowing for a lengthy mechanical life.  Due to their magnetic nature, the blades are attracted to each other and with enough of a push, the blades will touch, forming an electrical contact. These two blades are the only point of contact within the switch.

Reed switches have many different varying factors, one of which is size. Longer reed switches do not require long-distance blade deflection, allowing for the blade gap to be closed more easily. Shorter reed switches are typically made with thinner materials to allow for easier blade contact.  These small switches allow for small relays to be constructed, a critical aspect when space is an issue. Reed switches are used to generate electricity in a circuit. The generation of electricity inside a circuit is critical, making reed switch a necessity to operate to anything with a circuit board such as an aircraft or a vehicle.

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Aircraft engines and car engines seem like they would be rather similar. After all, they are both machinery that power massive vehicles used to transport people and goods. But, the truth is, aircraft engines are rather different. Aircraft utilize RPMs, not multi-gear transmissions.

RPMs are like gears in a car, in the sense that propeller driven aircraft depend on specific RPM, or revolutions per minute, settings to achieve different stages of flight. So, the RPMs are at maximum setting during take-offs and landing, and they are reduced to a slower and more efficient setting during flight. During flight, the aircraft engine’s RPM doesn’t change, but the engine power, which translates to speed, can.
 
Aircraft engines have three major controls: the throttle, the propeller knob and the mixture knob. While the throttle is like the gas pedal of a car in terms of increasing and decreasing power, it’s different in that the aircraft engine still runs at the same speed even as the throttle changes the power output. That’s because the propeller knob changes the RPMs. When the aircraft takes-off, the propeller knob and the throttle are set to full forward for maximum power. But at cruising altitude, the throttle is set to reduce the power output and the propeller RPMs accordingly. The mixture knob is then used to lean the fuel-air ratio to the proper stoichiometric ratio for that particular altitude so that the aircraft flies smoothly.
 
Notice, to reach cruising speeds, only the throttle and the mixture knobs need to be changed. But the aircraft can still speed up or slow down. The propeller knob doesn’t have to move, and the RPMs don’t have to change. That’s because speed is based on the power output by the throttle, and how propeller blades automatically change pitch, or the distance it would move forward if it were cutting through a solid, accordingly.
 
Clearly, aircraft engines and car engines are not that similar or comparable. You don’t have to deal with altitudes, stoichiometry of fuel-air ratios, or pitch when you drive a car. But, like a car, you do have to maintain your engine and repair and replace parts when need-be. At times like that, you have ASAP Purchasing, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, one of the premier suppliers of aviation parts and components ranging from massive engines to tiny bearings. 

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Autonomous cars are self-driving vehicles. It is very interesting to see how long we have come from having a basic mode of transportation which has slowly but surely evolved into much more than that. A handful of the automobile industry has slowly transitioned into building their first autonomous cars. Companies such as Mercedes-Benz, Cadillac, Audi, and of course Tesla electric have many of them on the road today. However, owing to the nature of the advancement there are still many errors to fix due to possibilities of crashes and potential deaths as seen by Tesla Model S as the first autonomous car fatality. It is important these vehicles can detect objects, fog, and all the hazards of the road 100% of the time before progressing any further.
Autonomous vehicles need Infrared cameras to allow better visibility than light-based cameras. Although there is a limitation due to the high cost and limited resources available. Now the time has gone into research to find a different solution that will enable an overall better technology for the vehicle.
The University of Southern California, University of Wisconsin, the Air Force Research Lab and the University of Missouri collaborated to create a new material that enables better-infrared technology. This new material is called chalcogenide perovskites. This was found in barium titanium sulfide (BTS) which cooperated uniquely, where the light interacted in two different directions. The BTS would make for better image contrast which well helps better improve sensing objects. This new technology will improve and advance the technology behind autonomous vehicles efficiently at a better cost.
ASAP Purchasing, owned and operated by ASAP Semiconductor, should always be your first and only stop for all your hard to find the best-infrared sensors. Veritable Aviation is your premier online distributor of whether new, old or hard to find, they can help you locate infrared cameras and detection systems. ASAP Purchasing has a wide selection of parts to choose from and is fully equipped with a friendly staff, so you can always find what you’re looking for, at all hours of the day. If you’re interested in obtaining a quote, contact the sales department at www.asap-purchasing.com or call +1-412-212-0606.

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Toshiba has just announced they are adding two brand new N-Channel devices to their extended family of U-MOS IX-H family of high-efficiency and high speed switching MOSFETs. TK3R1E04PL and TK3R1A04PL are the two newest additions to the MOSFETs lineup by Toshiba. They help designers improve performance while reducing power consumption in most of the power supply applications for DC-DC converters as well as the secondary side circuits of the SMPS AC-DC power supplies. They have a maximum VDSS rating of 40V and allows for operation with gate-source voltages of +/-20V and the maximum respective drain currents are between 100A and 82A. Having low typical on resistance of just 2.5mO at VGS=10V enables an output capacitance (COSS) of 1000pF which ultimately ensures the efficiency of the on-state operations, rapid switching and lowers switching losses.

TK3R1E04PL and TK3R1A04PL provides the optimal trade-off between the resistance and capacitance to support optimum performance and efficiency in power supply applications. Boasting a synchronous rectification designs with low output charge that reduces the rectification power loss in regards to device contributions. Lastly the TK3R1E04PL and TK3R1A04PL will primarily operate with channel temperatures up to 175 degrees Celsius thanks to the U-MOS IX-H technology devoted to ensuring stable operations over a variety of load conditions and temperature ranges.

Here at ASAP purchasing, we have a dedicated and expansive array of Toshiba products. We are your one-stop shop and go destination for a simplified sourcing solution. ASAP will ensure that our consumers’ needs are addressed in the most expeditious and transparent manner all the while offering cost-effective component solutions therefore improving our your negotiation power and profit margins. All of our aircraft parts are extensively tested and enjoy our consumer-centric warranty If you are interested in a quote, please don’t hesitate to contact our friendly sales staff at http://www.asap-purchasing.com call us at toll free at (714) 705 4780.


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Recently, On-chip tuning capacitors have had a major issue with being too lossy and causing problems for the user. This issue has been identified and according to the university of California, Santa Barbara has allegedly stated the issue is within the,

"deposition of complex oxides, such as barium strontium titanate, is problematic because of the high temperatures and oxygen-rich environment involved."

Also reporting another major issue has to do with the BST- based device being limited by the deposition and processing methods appose to the actual base material. A change in fabric has become a main solution to their overloading issue by replacing chemicals commonly used in photolithography that contaminate BST. The film in the chip requires a smaller electrode dimensions and finer lithography that the standard integrated capacitor structures. Another challenge that that they face is low-loss reactive devices are microwave frequencies.

Finding alternatives is their main concern to cease the unruly effects that the chip has been encountering. Over much research they have soon discovered that the deposition of low dielectric loss is possible from a hybrid,

“hybrid form of molecular beam epitaxy that uses metal organic precursors.”

As the BST capacitor have many uses they have soon to be used to create phase shifters for phased array antennas in mobile communications or also may be used in antennas in cellular communications.

Despite these unruly materials with the BST this is not the first dilemma of its type. According to Professor Robert York of UCSB there has already been,

"some barium strontium titanate devices are already used for commercial RF electronics, and the infrastructure for deposition and fabrication already exists within semiconductor foundries.”

As a result, the University to provide ICs with films that are placed exactly on metal electrodes.

ASAP Purchasing can provide a wide variety of capacitors, semiconductors and other board level components. Dealing with some of the top electronic components manufacturing companies in the industry to for fill your component need in one source. Our goal is to ease your logistics to get you equipped and installed instantly. For a better look at the products we have to offer visit our website at www.asap-purchasing.com. For instant RFQs email us at sales@asapsemi.com or to speak with one of our sales representatives give us a call at  (714) 705 4780


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In recent News, Apple the creator of the iPhone and many apple products have finally witnessed a drop-in sales in its birth place of China. Many competitors are on the rise to surpass and beat apple sales, Samsung and Android being some of the top. Per the tar Worldpanel Comtech Iphones take 31.8% of smartphone sales with a growth of 1.3%. Android a top apple competitor has taken a plunge in the US numbers with 66% and a total of 0.6% decline in revenue sales. The release of the IPhone 6s allowed Apple to compete with Samsung’s release the Galaxy S7/S7 edge. In the US both companies competed side by side for the number one spot was recorded as the,” iPhone 6s devices accounted for 15.1% of the US smartphone OS market in Q2 while Samsung’s Galaxy S7/S7 edge accounted for 14.1%.

“Alongside the US the numbers in the UK headed in the same direction showing that.”

Apple grew 3.1% to 37.2% market share, in France it took 20.2% share and in Germany its share went up 1% to 14.2% share.” Although these sales in the US and UK have gone up it has not been the same for China. Some say that the plunge was due to market share loss or even the being,” outmaneuvered and outclassed.”As iphones are released almost every year many state that they are lacking newer features rather than just an average software upgrade with a better camera. These numbers that were lost due to these factors are quite a large impact in the company. Tim Cook the CEO of apple tries to explain their downfall and says, “we had a surge of upgraders that came into the market for the iPhone 6 or iPhone 6 Plus, and the upgrade rate increased relatively more in Greater China than elsewhere around the world.” 

ASAP Semiconductor is a leading distributor of electronic parts and board level components. Being able to provide a broad variety of parts for your very needs. Look at our proprietary website ASAP-Purchasing.com and explore all Apple broad level components for use in various applications. Keeping up with the latest and most modern electronic equipment is our goal. For a better idea of what we can provide give us a call at (714) 705 4780 or email us at sales@asapsemi.com.


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In Danbury, the company Amphenol RF is expanding to its new PSMP interface. Due to the flexibility there will be four new cable connectors that will be available. These specific cables are designed for 0.141- and 0.86-inch diameter semi-rigid and conformable cables which allow engineers to have way more choices than they currently have.

These new cable plugs are made to operate in high power applications. These applications can run all the way up to 200 W at frequencies of 2.2 GHz. These connectors look similar to the SMP interface, with features of gold and copper outer contacts in white bronze as well. The purpose of these specific finishes ensure a mechanical fit and maximize electrical performance.

The company Amphenol RF is one of the top manufacturers of connectors for use in radio frequency such as microwaves and data transmission systems. Their headquarters are located in Danbury, Connecticut, USA. While they are located in the United States they have global sales that include countries such as Asia and Europe. Some of their standard products include RF connectors, coaxial adapters and RF cable assemblies. Aside from their standard products they also have custom engineered products that include multi-port ganged interconnect, blind-mate and hybrid mixed-signal solutions.

While their main focus is on building on flexibility of PSMP designs, the 4 cable connectors that are available are designed in semi-rigid and conformable cables. These designs suit high-power applications that can range all the way up to 200 W. The mating style is similar to SMP interface, where as well the white gold-plated female center contacts with copper plated in white bronze. These plates ensure mechanical fit and they also optimize electrical performance allowing the high-power ranges to reach a 200 w. This company also adds versatility to the board to focus on their PSMP line.

ASAP offers a wide variety of electronic parts corresponding to Amphenol RF parts and products. We like to stay up to date with modern technology and modern parts to fulfill your aerospace electronic component needs. For a further look at our inventory visit us at www.asap-purchasing.com or give us a call at (714) 705-4780. For instant RFQ’s email us at sales@asapsemi.com.

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On August 23rd 2016. John Vandiver wrote an article for Stars and Stripes talking about the newest Air Force General to be nominated to lead the U.S. Africa Command as well as the U.S. Air Force. These two positions were approved by the U.S. Senate on the prior Wednesday.

For the newest Air Force General, David Goldfien was appointed. Goldfien replaced General Mark A. Welsh. Goldfein was the vice chief of staff for the service before taking over as the Air Force chief of staff. Goldfein has experience in combat experience as well as flying in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Here’s what Air Force Secretary Deborah James had to say about Goldfien being appointed.

“There is not a better person to lead our airmen into the next century of Airpower dominance.”

For the newest U.S. Africa Command, Marine Lt. General Thomas Waldhauser was appointed. Waldhauser replaced General David Rodriguez who was in charge for the past three years. Waldhauser was the director of joint force development with the Joint Chiefs of Staff prior to taking over as the U.S. Africa Command. Waldhauser will be focusing on the instability of Libya in attempts to defuse the situation with the Islamic State trying to establish ground in Libya.

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Lenovo announced the release of its first OLED screen laptop after a long period of anticipation.  Supplying was delayed by Lenovo’s testing, to ensure best possible version was released.  The Think pad X1 is the first of its kind in Lenovo’s history now being available for an exceptional price of $1,682. It can compete with its counterparts in the market as a standard LED screen priced at just $1,394, US which is also standard for most lap top screens in the industry.

These competing screens do not stray too far from each other but have some noticeable different qualities. Although they both have the i5 Core Skylake processors, the OLED is more expensive and has the tendency to have “imagine burning “which is caused by leaving an image on the screen too long.

There is also a catch with the ThinkPad X1 Yoga OLED model -- you cannot get WiGig Wi-Fi, which is available in the LED models.

For this reason, companies that produce PCs have strayed from their production such as Samsung and LG limit. Instead they manufacture LED products for smaller high volume commodities and large screen TVs.  HP is going to limit its work with the OLED production and ensuring that the final product works well, before even thinking about bringing the latest innovation to low model laptops.

The ThinkPad is the next best thing for a light weight and efficient travel lap top to date. The pad has a rotating screen which allows it to turn into a tablet for a closer hand on grip. The OLED screen emits images at 2560 x 1440-pixel resolution. Equipped with an approximated 11 hours of battery life tested by Lenovo. Weighing as little as 2.6 pounds and is about a solid .67 inches. It is the perfect on the go product.

ASAP SEMICONDUCTORS
ASAP SEMICONDUCTORS are a top competitor in the IT parts market as well as products to make you stay connected worldwide. We are able to provide all types of Lenovo Products and Accessories such as OLED laptops, screen, batteries etc. and all hardware parts related to such devices.  Specializing in procuring hard to find parts to keep you connected using any processor. For a further look at our parts look at our website https://www.asap-purchasing.com/ or give us a call at 714 705 4780. For instant RFQs email us at sales@asapsemi.com.   Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save

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